When we try to classify the myriad forms of life on earth, the most fundamental breakdowns are at the Kingdom level: we have the Kingdoms of Animals, of Plants, of Bacteria, of Fungi. All life as we knew it fit into one of the Kingdoms and could be classified and linked as such.
Except, that is, for the few hemimastigotes that were then known.
In a lucky find, as reported by CBC, Canadian researchers identified two more species of these rare creatures. More importantly, perhaps, they captured the genomic information. From that analysis, they are happy to announce that hemimastigotes are so different from all other life that they form a brand new fifth Kingdom all of their own..
It is so rare an event that the Tree of Life is reorganized so radically, that we need at least to report it.